Classification GI range Examples
Low GI 55 or less most fruits and vegetables, legumes/pulses, whole grains, nuts, fructose
Medium GI 56–69 whole wheat products, basmati rice, sweet potato, sucrose, baked potatoes
High GI 70 and above white bread, most white rices, corn flakes, extruded breakfast cereals, glucose, maltose

Legumes And Nuts

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Glycemic Index Search

Use the above search utility to search for foods either by name or by GI value.

34 results found.

International table of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values: 20021

Description G.I.
(Glucose = 100)2
G.I.
(Bread = 100)2
Subjects
(Type and Number)
Reference Food and Time Period Serving Size
grams
Available Carbohydrate Content
grams / serving
Glycemic Load3
(per serving)
Legumes And Nuts » Baked beans
  • Baked beans, canned
40 ± 3 57 Healthy » 7 Glucose » 2 hours
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
  • Baked beans, canned haricot and navy beans in tomato sauce
    | Canada
56 80 ± 8 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
Mean of 2 studies
48 ± 8 69 ± 12 150 15 7
Legumes And Nuts » Beans, dried, boiled
  • Beans, dried, type Non Specific
36 52 ± 25 Healthy » 7 Bread » 2 hours 150 30 11
Buclossi A, Conti A, Lombardo S, et al.
Glycaemic and insulinaemic responses to different carbohydrates in type II (NIDDM) diabetic patients.
Diabetes Nutr Metab 1990; 3:143−51.
  • Beans, dried, type Non Specific
20 28 ± 14 Type 2 Diabetic » 14 Bread » 2 hours 150 30 6
Buclossi A, Conti A, Lombardo S, et al.
Glycaemic and insulinaemic responses to different carbohydrates in type II (NIDDM) diabetic patients.
Diabetes Nutr Metab 1990; 3:143−51.
Mean of 2 studies
29 ± 9 40 ± 12 150 30 9
Legumes And Nuts »
Black bean, soaked overnight, cooked 45 min (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn)
Philippines
20 28 ± 4 Healthy » 11 Bread » 1 hours 150 25 5
Panlasigui LN, Panlilio LM, Madrid JC.
Glycaemic response in normal subjects to five different legumes commonly used in the Philippines.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1995; 46:155−60.
Legumes And Nuts » Black-eyed beans and peas (Cowpeas), boiled
  • Black-eyed beans
50 71 ± 5 Type 2 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 150 30 15
Jenkins DJA,Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, et al.
The glycaemic index of foods tested in diabetic patients: a new basis for carbohydrate exchange favouring the use of legumes.
Diabetologia 1983; 24:257−64.
  • Black-eyed beans
33 ± 4 47 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 150 30 10
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Mean of 2 studies
42 ± 9 59 ± 12 150 30 13
Legumes And Nuts » Butter beans
  • Butter beans
28 ± 7 40 Healthy » 8 Glucose » 2 hours 150 20 5
Walker ARP, Walker BF.
Glycaemic index of South African foods determined in rural blacks—a population at low risk of diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1984; 38C:215−22.
  • Butter beans, dried, cooked 1.25 h
29 ± 8 41 Type 2 Diabetic » 21
Type 1 Diabetic » 8
healthy » 11
Glucose » 2 hours 150 20 6
Vorster HH, van Tonder, Kotzé JP, Walker ARP.
Effects of graded sucrose additions on taste preference, acceptability, glycemic index and insulin response to butter beans.
Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45:575−9.
  • Butter beans
36 ± 4 51 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 150 20 7
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Mean of 3 studies
31 ± 3 44 ± 3 150 20 6
Legumes And Nuts »
Butter beans, dried, boiled + 10 g sucrose
South Africa
31 ± 2 44 Type 2 Diabetic » 21
Type 1 Diabetic » 8
healthy » 11
Glucose » 2 hours 150 20 6
Vorster HH, van Tonder, Kotzé JP, Walker ARP.
Effects of graded sucrose additions on taste preference, acceptability, glycemic index and insulin response to butter beans.
Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45:575−9.
Legumes And Nuts »
Butter beans, dried, boiled + 15 g sucrose
South Africa
54 ± 4 77 Type 2 Diabetic » 21
Type 1 Diabetic » 8
healthy » 11
Glucose » 2 hours 150 20 11
Vorster HH, van Tonder, Kotzé JP, Walker ARP.
Effects of graded sucrose additions on taste preference, acceptability, glycemic index and insulin response to butter beans.
Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45:575−9.
Legumes And Nuts »
Butter beans, dried, boiled + 5 g sucrose
South Africa
30 ± 2 43 Type 2 Diabetic » 21
Type 1 Diabetic » 8
healthy » 11
Glucose » 2 hours 150 20 6
Vorster HH, van Tonder, Kotzé JP, Walker ARP.
Effects of graded sucrose additions on taste preference, acceptability, glycemic index and insulin response to butter beans.
Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45:575−9.
Legumes And Nuts » Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans, Bengal gram), boiled
  • Chickpeas, dried, soaked, boiled 35 min (Cicer arietinum Linn)
10 14 ± 3 Healthy » 11 Bread » 1h 150 30 3
Panlasigui LN, Panlilio LM, Madrid JC.
Glycaemic response in normal subjects to five different legumes commonly used in the Philippines.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1995; 46:155−60.
  • Chickpeas, dried, boiled
31 44 ± 8 Type 2 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 150 30 9
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
  • Chickpeas
33 47 ± 9 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 150 30 10
Jenkins DJA,Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, et al.
The glycaemic index of foods tested in diabetic patients: a new basis for carbohydrate exchange favouring the use of legumes.
Diabetologia 1983; 24:257−64.
  • Chickpeas
36 ± 5 51 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 150 30 11
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Mean of 4 studies
28 ± 6 39 ± 8 150 30 8
Legumes And Nuts »
Chickpeas, canned in brine
Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd | Toronto | Canada
42 60 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 11 Bread » 3 hours 150 22 9
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
Legumes And Nuts »
Chickpeas, curry, canned
Canasia Foods Ltd | Scarborough | Canada
41 58 ± 7 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 150 16 7
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Legumes And Nuts » Haricot and navy beans
29 41 ± 5 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 150 33 9
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Wong GS, et al.
Glycemic responses to foods: possible differences between insulin−dependent and non−insulin−dependent diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1984; 40:971−81.
  • Haricot and navy beans, dried, boiled
30 43 ± 5 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 150 30 9
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
  • Haricot and navy beans, boiled
31 ± 6 44 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 150 30 9
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
39 56 ± 16 Healthy » 6 Bread » 1 hours 150 30 12
Wolever TMS, Nuttal FQ, Lee R, et al.
Prediction of the relative blood glucose response of mixed meals using the white bread glycemic index.
Diabetes Care 1985; 8:418−28.
59 84 ± 10 Type 1 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 150 33 19
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Wong GS, et al.
Glycemic responses to foods: possible differences between insulin−dependent and non−insulin−dependent diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1984; 40:971−81.
Mean of 5 studies
38 ± 6 54 ± 8 150 31 12
Legumes And Nuts » Kidney beans
  • Kidney/white bean, soaked, boiled 17 min (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn)
13 19 ± 5 Healthy » 11 Bread » 1 hours 150 25 3
Panlasigui LN, Panlilio LM, Madrid JC.
Glycaemic response in normal subjects to five different legumes commonly used in the Philippines.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1995; 46:155−60.
  • Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris)
19 27 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 150 25 5
Dilwari JB, Kamath PS, Batta RP, Mukewar S, Raghavan S.
Reduction of postprandial plasma glucose by bengal gram dhal (Cicer arietnum) and rajmah (Phaseolus vulgaris).
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:2450−3.
  • Kidney beans
23 33 Type 2 Diabetic » 8 Glucose » 3 hours 150 25 6
Krezowski PA, Nuttal FQ, Gannon MC, et al.
Insulin and glucose responses to various starch−containing foods in type II diabetic subjects.
Diabetes Care 1987; 10:205−12.
  • Kidney beans, dried, boiled
23 ± 1 33 Type 2 Diabetic » 3 Glucose » 3 hours 150 25 6
Bornet FRJ, Costagliola D, Rizkalla SW, et al.
Insulinemic and glycemic indexes of six starch−rich foods taken alone and in a mixed meal by type 2 diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45:588−95.
  • Kidney beans, red, soaked 20 min, boiled 70 min (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn)
25 36 ± 6 Healthy » 10 Bread » 1.5 hours 150 25 6
Granfeldt Y, Björck I, Drews A, Tovar J.
An in vitro procedure based on chewing to predict the metabolic response to starch in cereal and legume products.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1992; 46:649−60.
  • Kidney beans
29 ± 8 41 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 150 25 7
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
  • Kidney beans, dried, boiled
42 60 ± 6 Type 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 150 25 10
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
  • Kidney beans
46 66 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 150 25 11
Jenkins DJA,Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, et al.
The glycaemic index of foods tested in diabetic patients: a new basis for carbohydrate exchange favouring the use of legumes.
Diabetologia 1983; 24:257−64.
Mean of 8 studies
28 ± 4 39 ± 6 150 25 7
Legumes And Nuts »
Kidney beans, autoclaved (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn)
34 49 ± 5 Healthy » 10 Bread » 1.5 hours 150 25 8
Granfeldt Y, Björck I, Drews A, Tovar J.
An in vitro procedure based on chewing to predict the metabolic response to starch in cereal and legume products.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1992; 46:649−60.
Legumes And Nuts »
Kidney beans, canned
Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd | Toronto | Canada
52 74 ± 8 Type 2 Diabetic » 11 Bread » 3 hours 150 17 9
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
Legumes And Nuts »
Kidney beans, dried, soaked 12 h, stored moist 24 h, steamed 1 h5
India
70 ± 11 100 Healthy » 12–15 Glucose » 3 hours6 150 25 17
Kurup PG, Krishnamurthy S.
Glycemic index of selected foodstuffs commonly used in South India.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res 1992;62:266−8.
Legumes And Nuts » Lentils, green
  • Lentils, green, dried, boiled
22 31 ± 5 Type 2 Diabetic » 11 Bread » 3 hours 150 18 4
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
  • Lentils, green, dried, boiled
30 ± 15 43 Type 2 Diabetic » 3 Glucose » 3 hours 150 18 6
Bornet FRJ, Costagliola D, Rizkalla SW, et al.
Insulinemic and glycemic indexes of six starch−rich foods taken alone and in a mixed meal by type 2 diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45:588−95.
  • Lentils, green, dried, boiled
37 ± 3 53 Healthy » 7 Glucose » 2 hours 150 14 5
Fitz−Henry A. In vitro and in vivo rates of carbohydrate digestion in Aboriginal bushfoods and contemporary Western foods. BSc thesis (Honours). Human Nutrition Unit, University of Sydney, Australia, 1982
Mean of 3 studies
30 ± 4 42 ± 6 150 17 5
Legumes And Nuts »
Lentils, green, canned in brine
Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd | Toronto | Canada
52 74 ± 5 Type 2 Diabetic » 11 Bread » 3 hours 150 17 9
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
Legumes And Nuts » Lentils, red
  • Lentils, red, dried, boiled
18 25 Healthy » 3 Bread » 1 hours 150 18 3
Wolever TMS, Cohen Z, Thompson LU, et al.
Ileal loss of available carbohydrate in man: comparison of a breath hydrogen method with direct measurement using a human ileostomy model.
Am J Gastroenterol 1986; 81:115−22.
  • Lentils, red, dried, boiled
21 30 ± 4 Type 2 Diabetic » 14 Bread » 3 hours 150 18 4
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Josse RG, Wong GS, Lee R.
The glycemic index: similarity of values derived in insulin−dependent and non−insulin dependent diabetic patients.
J Am Coll Nutr 1987; 6:295−305.
  • Lentils, red, dried, boiled
31 44 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 150 18 6
Jenkins DJA,Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, et al.
The glycaemic index of foods tested in diabetic patients: a new basis for carbohydrate exchange favouring the use of legumes.
Diabetologia 1983; 24:257−64.
  • Lentils, red, dried, boiled
32 45 ± 9 Type 1 Diabetic » 11 Bread » 3 hours 150 18 6
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Josse RG, Wong GS, Lee R.
The glycemic index: similarity of values derived in insulin−dependent and non−insulin dependent diabetic patients.
J Am Coll Nutr 1987; 6:295−305.
Mean of 4 studies
26 ± 4 36 ± 5 150 18 5
Legumes And Nuts » Lentils, type Non Specific
  • Lentils, type Non Specific
28 40 Type 2 Diabetic » 8 Glucose » 3 hours
Krezowski PA, Nuttal FQ, Gannon MC, et al.
Insulin and glucose responses to various starch−containing foods in type II diabetic subjects.
Diabetes Care 1987; 10:205−12.
  • Lentils, type Non Specific
29 ± 3 41 Healthy » 7 Glucose » 2 hours
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Mean of 2 studies
29 ± 1 41 ± 1 150 18 5
Legumes And Nuts »
Lima beans, baby, frozen, reheated in microwave oven
York | Canada Packers | Toronto | Canada
32 46 ± 13 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 5 Bread » 3 hours 150 30 10
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Legumes And Nuts » Marrowfat peas
  • Marrowfat peas, dried, boiled
31 44 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified
Krezowski PA, Nuttal FQ, Gannon MC, et al.
Insulin and glucose responses to various starch−containing foods in type II diabetic subjects.
Diabetes Care 1987; 10:205−12.
  • Marrowfat peas, dried, boiled
47 ± 3 68 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Mean of 2 studies
39 ± 8 56 ± 12 150 19 7
Legumes And Nuts » Mung Beans »
Mung bean, fried
Australia
53 ± 8 76 ± 11 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours
Unpublished Observations7
Legumes And Nuts » Mung Beans »
Mung bean, germinated
Australia
25 ± 4 36 ± 5 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 150 17 4
Unpublished Observations7
Legumes And Nuts » Mung Beans »
Mung bean, pressure cooked
Australia
42 ± 5 60 ± 7 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 150 17 7
Unpublished Observations7
Legumes And Nuts » Mung Beans »
Mung bean, soaked, boiled 20 min (Phaseolus areus Roxb.)
Philippines
31 44 ± 6 Healthy » 11 Bread » 1 hours 150 17 5
Panlasigui LN, Panlilio LM, Madrid JC.
Glycaemic response in normal subjects to five different legumes commonly used in the Philippines.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1995; 46:155−60.
Legumes And Nuts »
Peas, dried, boiled
Australia
22 32 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 150 9 2
Fitz−Henry A. In vitro and in vivo rates of carbohydrate digestion in Aboriginal bushfoods and contemporary Western foods. BSc thesis (Honours). Human Nutrition Unit, University of Sydney, Australia, 1982
Legumes And Nuts »
Pigeon Pea, soaked, boiled 45 min (Cajanus cajan Linn Huth.)
Philippines
22 31 ± 4 Healthy » 11 Bread » 1 hours 150 20 4
Panlasigui LN, Panlilio LM, Madrid JC.
Glycaemic response in normal subjects to five different legumes commonly used in the Philippines.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1995; 46:155−60.
Legumes And Nuts » Pinto Beans »
Pinto beans, canned in brine
Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd | Toronto | Canada
45 64 ± 6 Type 2 Diabetic » 9 Bread » 3 hours 150 22 10
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
Legumes And Nuts » Pinto Beans »
Pinto beans, dried, boiled
Canada
39 55 ± 6 Type 2 Diabetic » 9 Bread » 3 hours 150 26 10
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Thompson LU, et al.
Effect of canning on the blood glucose response to beans in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1987;41C:135−40.
Legumes And Nuts »
Romano beans
Canada
46 65 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 150 18 8
Jenkins DJA,Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, et al.
The glycaemic index of foods tested in diabetic patients: a new basis for carbohydrate exchange favouring the use of legumes.
Diabetologia 1983; 24:257−64.
Legumes And Nuts » Soy Beans » Soya beans
  • Soya beans, dried, boiled
15 ± 5 21 Healthy » 7 Glucose » 2 hours 150 6 1
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
  • Soya beans, dried, boiled
20 ± 3 29 Healthy » 7 Glucose » 2 hours 150 6 1
Fitz−Henry A. In vitro and in vivo rates of carbohydrate digestion in Aboriginal bushfoods and contemporary Western foods. BSc thesis (Honours). Human Nutrition Unit, University of Sydney, Australia, 1982
Mean of 2 studies
18 ± 3 25 ± 4 150 6 1
Legumes And Nuts » Soy Beans »
Soya beans, canned
Canada
14 ± 2 20 Healthy » 7 Glucose » 2 hours 150 6 1
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Legumes And Nuts »
Split peas, yellow, boiled 20 min
Nupack | Mississauga | Canada
32 45 ± 4 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 150 19 6
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
  1. NS (Non Specific), not specified; type 1 and type 2, subjects with type 1 and type 2 diabetes; AUC (Area Under the Curve). Serving sizes in grams unless specified otherwise.
  2. x ± SEM (Standard Error of Mean). Two GI vlaues are shown for each food−one in which glucose sugar was used as the reference food and one in which white bread was used as the reference food.
  3. Estimated by multiplying the food’s listed GI value with glucose as the reference food by the listed g carbohydrate per serving and dividing by 100.
  4. GI calculated from the AUC for glucose.
  5. Both the test food and the reference food contained 75 g carbohydrate.
  6. AUC measured over 3 h for only 4 time points (0, 1, 2, and 3 h).
  7. Human Nutrition Unit (Sydney University, Australia), unpublished observations, 1995–2002.
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