Classification GI range Examples
Low GI 55 or less most fruits and vegetables, legumes/pulses, whole grains, nuts, fructose
Medium GI 56–69 whole wheat products, basmati rice, sweet potato, sucrose, baked potatoes
High GI 70 and above white bread, most white rices, corn flakes, extruded breakfast cereals, glucose, maltose

Fruit And Fruit Products

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Glycemic Index Search

Use the above search utility to search for foods either by name or by GI value.

57 results found.

International table of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values: 20021

Description G.I.
(Glucose = 100)2
G.I.
(Bread = 100)2
Subjects
(Type and Number)
Reference Food and Time Period Serving Size
grams
Available Carbohydrate Content
grams / serving
Glycemic Load3
(per serving)
Fruit And Fruit Products » Apples » Apple juice
  • Apple juice, unsweetened, reconstituted
    | Australia
39 ± 5 55 ± 7 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 250 mL 25 10
Unpublished Observations4
  • Apple juice, unsweetened
40 57 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Glucose » 5 hours5 250 mL 29 12
Gannon MC, Nuttal FQ, Krezowski PA, Billington CJ, Parker S.
The serum insulin and plasma glucose response to milk and fruit products in type 2 (non−insulin−dependent) diabetic patients.
Diabetologia 1986; 29:784−91.
  • Apple juice, unsweetened
    | Canada
41 59 ± 8 Type 2 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 250 mL 30 12
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
Mean of 3 studies
40 ± 1 57 ± 2 250 mL 28 11
Fruit And Fruit Products » Apples »
Apple, dried
Australia
29 ± 5 41 ± 7 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 60 34 10
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Apples » Apples, raw
  • Apple, Non Specific
28 40 ± 11 Type 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 120 13 4
Gregersen S, Rasmussen O, Larsen S, Hermansen K.
Glycaemic and insulinaemic responses to orange and apple compared with white bread in non−insulin−dependent diabetic subjects.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1992; 46:301−3.
  • Apple, braeburn
32 ± 4 46 Type 2 Diabetic » Impaired Glucose Tolerance » 157 Glucose » 3 hours 120 13 4
Ha MA, Mann JI, Melton LD, Lewis−Barned NJ.
Relationship between the glycaemic index and sugar content of fruits.
Diabetes Nutr Metab 1992; 5:199−203.
  • Apple, Non Specific
34 48 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 120 16 5
Schauberger G, Brinck UC, Guldner G, Spaethe R, Niklas L, Otto H.
Exchange of carbohydrates according to their effect on blood glucose.
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Josse RG, Wong GS. The glycaemic response to carbohydrate foods.
Lancet 1984;1:388−91.
  • Apple, golden delicious
39 ± 3 56 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 120 16 6
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
  • Apple, Non Specific
40 57 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Glucose » 5 hours5 120 16 6
Gannon MC, Nuttal FQ, Krezowski PA, Billington CJ, Parker S.
The serum insulin and plasma glucose response to milk and fruit products in type 2 (non−insulin−dependent) diabetic patients.
Diabetologia 1986; 29:784−91.
  • Apple, Non Specific
44 63 ± 3 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 120 13 6
Lunetta M, Di Mauro M, Crimi S, Mughini L.
No important differences in glycaemic responses to common fruits in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med 1995; 12:674−8.
Mean of 6 studies
38 ± 2 52 ± 3 120 15 6
Fruit And Fruit Products » Apricots »
Apricot filled fruit bar (puréed dried apricot filling in whole-meal pastry)
Mother Earth | Auckland | New Zealand
50 ± 8 71 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 50 34 17
Perry T, Mann J, Mehalski K, Gayya C,Wilson J, Thompson C.
Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods.
N Z Med J 2000; 113:140−2.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Apricots »
Apricot fruit spread, reduced sugar
Glen Ewin Jams | Para Hills | Australia
55 ± 7 78 ± 10 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 30 13 7
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Apricots »
Apricot Fruity Bitz, vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snack
Blackmores Ltd | Balgowlah | Australia
42 ± 3 61 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 15 12 5
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Apricots »
Apricots, canned in light syrup
Riviera | Aliments Caneast Foods | Montreal | Canada
64 91 ± 6 Type 2 Diabetic » 9 Bread » 3 hours 120 19 12
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Apricots » Apricots, dried
  • Apricots, dried
30 ± 7 43 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 60 27 8
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
32 46 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 9 Bread » 3 hours 60 30 10
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
Mean of 2 studies
31 ± 1 44 ± 2 60 28 9
Fruit And Fruit Products » Apricots »
Apricots, raw, Non Specific
Italy
57 82 ± 3 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 120 9 5
Ha MA, Mann JI, Melton LD, Lewis−Barned NJ.
Relationship between the glycaemic index and sugar content of fruits.
Diabetes Nutr Metab 1992; 5:199−203.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Bananas »
Banana, processed fruit fingers
Heinz Kidz | H J Heinz | Malvern | Australia
61 ± 11 87 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 30 20 12
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Bananas » Banana, raw
  • Banana
46 66 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 120 25 12
Otto H, Niklas L.
Differences d’action sur la glycemie d’aliments contenant des hydrated de carbone: consequences pour le traitment dietetique du diabete sucre. (Differences in the action of foods containing carbohydrates on blood glucose levels: implications for the dietetic treatment of diabetes mellitus.)
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL. Starchy foods and glycemic index.
Diabetes Care 1988; 11:149−59.
  • Banana
58 83 ± 3 Type 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 120 23 13
Lunetta M, Di Mauro M, Crimi S, Mughini L.
No important differences in glycaemic responses to common fruits in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med 1995; 12:674−8.
  • Banana
58 83 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 120 25 15
Jenkins DJA,Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, et al.
The glycaemic index of foods tested in diabetic patients: a new basis for carbohydrate exchange favouring the use of legumes.
Diabetologia 1983; 24:257−64.
  • Banana
62 ± 9 89 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 120 25 16
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
  • Banana
70 ± 5 100 Healthy » 8 Glucose » 2 hours 120 23 16
Walker ARP, Walker BF.
Glycaemic index of South African foods determined in rural blacks—a population at low risk of diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1984; 38C:215−22.
  • Banana, ripe, all yellow
51 73 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Glucose » 5 hours8 120 25 13
Ercan N, Nuttall FQ, Gannon MC, et al.
Plasma glucose and insulin responses to bananas of varying ripeness in persons with noninsulin−dependent diabetes mellitus.
J Am Coll Nutr 1993;12:703−9.
  • Banana, underripe
30 43 ± 10 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 4 hours 120 21 6
Hermansen K, Rasmussen O, Gregersen S, Larsen S.
Influence of ripeness of banana on the blood glucose and insulin response in type 2 diabetic subjects.
Diabet Med 1992;9:730−43.
  • Banana, slightly underripe, yellow with green sections
42 60 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Glucose » 5 hours8 120 25 11
Ercan N, Nuttall FQ, Gannon MC, et al.
Plasma glucose and insulin responses to bananas of varying ripeness in persons with noninsulin−dependent diabetes mellitus.
J Am Coll Nutr 1993;12:703−9.
  • Banana, overripe, yellow flecked with brown
48 69 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Glucose » 5 hours8 120 25 12
Ercan N, Nuttall FQ, Gannon MC, et al.
Plasma glucose and insulin responses to bananas of varying ripeness in persons with noninsulin−dependent diabetes mellitus.
J Am Coll Nutr 1993;12:703−9.
  • Banana, overripe
52 74 ± 9 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 4 hours 120 20 11
Hermansen K, Rasmussen O, Gregersen S, Larsen S.
Influence of ripeness of banana on the blood glucose and insulin response in type 2 diabetic subjects.
Diabet Med 1992;9:730−43.
Mean of 10 studies
52 ± 4 74 ± 5 120 24 12
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Breadfruit, raw6 (Artocarpus altilis)
Australia
68 97 Healthy » 7 Potato » 3 hours9 120 27 18
Thorburn A.
Digestion and absorption of carbohydrate in Australian Aboriginal, Pacific Island and Western Foods. PhD thesis.
Human Nutrition Unit, University of Sydney, Australia, 1986.
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Cherries, raw, Non Specific
Canada
22 32 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 120 12 3
Schauberger G, Brinck UC, Guldner G, Spaethe R, Niklas L, Otto H.
Exchange of carbohydrates according to their effect on blood glucose.
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Josse RG, Wong GS. The glycaemic response to carbohydrate foods.
Lancet 1984;1:388−91.
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Chico, raw6 (Zapota zapotilla coville)
Philippines
40 57 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 3 hours 120 29 12
Guevarra MT, Panlasigui LN.
Blood glucose responses of diabetes mellitus patients to some local fruits.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2000; 9:303−8.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Cranberry Juice »
Cranberry juice cocktail
Ocean Spray | Melbourne | Australia
52 ± 3 74 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 250 mL 31 16
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Cranberry Juice »
Cranberry juice cocktail
Ocean Spray Inc | Lakeville-Middleboro | USA
68 ± 3 97 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 250 mL 35 24
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Cranberry Juice »
Cranberry juice drink
Ocean Spray | Gerber Ltd | Bridgewater, Somerset | UK
56 ± 4 80 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 250 mL 29 16
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Custard apple, raw, flesh only
Australia
54 ± 2 77 ± 3 Healthy » 12 Glucose » 2 hours 120 19 10
Chan HMS, Brand−Miller JC, Holt SHA, Wilson D, Rozman M, Petocz P.
The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2001; 55:1076−83.
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Dates, dried
Australia
103 ± 21 147 ± 30 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 60 40 42
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Figs, dried, tenderized, Dessert Maid brand
Ernest Hall and Sons | Sydney | Australia
61 ± 6 87 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 60 26 16
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Fruit Cocktail, canned
Delmonte Canadian Canners Ltd | Hamilton | Canada
55 79 ± 5 Type 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 120 16 9
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Grapefruit juice, unsweetened
Sunpac | Toronto | Canada
48 69 ± 5 Type 2 Diabetic » 13 Bread » 3 hours 250 mL 20 9
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Grapefruit, raw
Canada
25 36 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 120 11 3
Schauberger G, Brinck UC, Guldner G, Spaethe R, Niklas L, Otto H.
Exchange of carbohydrates according to their effect on blood glucose.
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Josse RG, Wong GS. The glycaemic response to carbohydrate foods.
Lancet 1984;1:388−91.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Grapes »
Grapes, black, Waltham Cross
Australia
59 84 Healthy » 11 Bread » 2 hours 120 18 11
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Grapes » Grapes, raw
  • Grapes, Non Specific
43 62 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 120 17 7
Schauberger G, Brinck UC, Guldner G, Spaethe R, Niklas L, Otto H.
Exchange of carbohydrates according to their effect on blood glucose.
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Josse RG, Wong GS. The glycaemic response to carbohydrate foods.
Lancet 1984;1:388−91.
  • Grapes, Non Specific
49 70 ± 3 Type 2 Diabetic » 9 Bread » 3 hours 120 19 9
Lunetta M, Di Mauro M, Crimi S, Mughini L.
No important differences in glycaemic responses to common fruits in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med 1995; 12:674−8.
Mean of 2 studies
46 ± 3 66 ± 4 120 18 8
Fruit And Fruit Products » Kiwi fruit, raw
  • Kiwi fruit
    | New Zealand
47 ± 4 68 Type 2 and Impaired Glucose Tolerance » 157 Glucose » 3 hours 120 12 5
Ha MA, Mann JI, Melton LD, Lewis−Barned NJ.
Relationship between the glycaemic index and sugar content of fruits.
Diabetes Nutr Metab 1992; 5:199−203.
  • Kiwi fruit
58 ± 7 83 Healthy » 7 Bread » 2 hours 120 12 7
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
Mean of 2 studies
53 ± 6 75 ± 8 120 12 6
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Lychee, canned in syrup and drained
Narcissus brand | China
79 ± 8 113 ± 11 Healthy » 12 Glucose » 2 hours 120 20 16
Chan HMS, Brand−Miller JC, Holt SHA, Wilson D, Rozman M, Petocz P.
The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2001; 55:1076−83.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Mangos »
Mango, low-fat frozen fruit dessert (Frutia)
Weis Frozen Foods | Toowong | Australia
42 ± 3 60 Normal »10 Glucose » 2 hours 100 23 10
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Mangos » Mango, raw
  • Mango (Mangifera indica)
41 59 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 3 hours 120 20 8
Guevarra MT, Panlasigui LN.
Blood glucose responses of diabetes mellitus patients to some local fruits.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2000; 9:303−8.
  • Mango (Mangifera indica)
51 ± 3 73 Healthy » 7 Bread » 2 hours 120 15 8
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
  • Mango, ripe (Mangifera indica)
60 ± 16 86 Healthy » 12–15 Glucose » 3 hours11 120 15 9
Kurup PG, Krishnamurthy S.
Glycemic index of selected foodstuffs commonly used in South India.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res 1992;62:266−8.
Mean of 3 studies
51 ± 5 73 ± 8 120 17 8
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Marmalade, orange
Australia
48 ± 9 69 ± 12 Healthy » 9 Bread » 2 hours 30 20 9
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Oranges » Orange juice
  • Orange Juice
46 ± 6 66 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 250 mL 26 12
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
  • Orange juice, unsweetened, reconstituted concentrate
    | Australia
53 ± 6 76 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 250 mL 18 9
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
  • Orange juice, reconstituted from frozen concentrate
57 ± 6 81 ± 8 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Glucose » 5 hours5 250 mL 26 15
Gannon MC, Nuttal FQ, Krezowski PA, Billington CJ, Parker S.
The serum insulin and plasma glucose response to milk and fruit products in type 2 (non−insulin−dependent) diabetic patients.
Diabetologia 1986; 29:784−91.
Mean of 3 studies
52 ± 3 74 ± 4 250 mL 23 12
Fruit And Fruit Products » Oranges » Oranges, raw
  • Oranges, Non Specific
31 44 ± 13 Type 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 120 11 3
Gregersen S, Rasmussen O, Larsen S, Hermansen K.
Glycaemic and insulinaemic responses to orange and apple compared with white bread in non−insulin−dependent diabetic subjects.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1992; 46:301−3.
  • Oranges, Non Specific
33 ± 6 47 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 120 10 3
Walker ARP, Walker BF.
Glycaemic index of South African foods determined in rural blacks—a population at low risk of diabetes.
Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 1984; 38C:215−22.
  • Oranges, Non Specific
40 ± 3 57 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 120 11 4
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
  • Oranges, Non Specific
48 68 ± 2 Type 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 120 11 5
Lunetta M, Di Mauro M, Crimi S, Mughini L.
No important differences in glycaemic responses to common fruits in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med 1995; 12:674−8.
  • Oranges
    | USA
48 69 ± 11 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 3 hours 120 11 5
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
  • Oranges Non Specific
51 73 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 120 11 6
Schauberger G, Brinck UC, Guldner G, Spaethe R, Niklas L, Otto H.
Exchange of carbohydrates according to their effect on blood glucose.
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Josse RG, Wong GS. The glycaemic response to carbohydrate foods.
Lancet 1984;1:388−91.
Mean of 6 studies
42 ± 3 60 ± 5 120 11 5
Fruit And Fruit Products » Paw paw and papaya, raw
  • Paw paw (Carica papaya)
56 ± 6 80 Healthy » 7 Bread » 2 hours 120 8 5
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
  • Paw paw, ripe (Papaya)
60 ± 16 86 Healthy » 12–15 Glucose » 3 hours11 120 29 17
Kurup PG, Krishnamurthy S.
Glycemic index of selected foodstuffs commonly used in South India.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res 1992;62:266−8.
  • Papaya (Carica papaya)
60 86 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 3 hours 120 15 9
Guevarra MT, Panlasigui LN.
Blood glucose responses of diabetes mellitus patients to some local fruits.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2000; 9:303−8.
Mean of 3 studies
59 ± 1 84 ± 2 120 17 10
Fruit And Fruit Products » Peaches »
Peach, canned in heavy syrup
Letona Foods | Hawthorn East | Australia
58 ± 11 83 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 120 15 9
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Peaches »
Peach, canned in light syrup
Delmonte | Canadian Canners Ltd | Canada
52 74 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 11 Bread » 3 hours 120 18 9
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Peaches » Peach, canned in natural juice
30 ± 4 43 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 120 11 3
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
45 ± 6 64 Healthy » 7–10 Bread » 2 hours 120 11 5
Brand−Miller JC, Allwan C, Mehalski K, Brooks D.
The glycaemic index of further Australian foods.
Proc Nutr Soc Aust 1998; 22:110 (abstr).
Mean of 2 studies
38 ± 8 54 ± 11 120 11 4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Peaches »
Peach, canned in reduced-sugar syrup
SPC Lite | SPC Ltd | Shepparton | Australia
62 ± 9 89 Healthy » 7–10 Bread » 2 hours 120 17 11
Brand−Miller JC, Allwan C, Mehalski K, Brooks D.
The glycaemic index of further Australian foods.
Proc Nutr Soc Aust 1998; 22:110 (abstr).
Fruit And Fruit Products » Peaches » Peach, raw
  • Peach, raw
28 40 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 120 13 4
Schauberger G, Brinck UC, Guldner G, Spaethe R, Niklas L, Otto H.
Exchange of carbohydrates according to their effect on blood glucose.
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Josse RG, Wong GS. The glycaemic response to carbohydrate foods.
Lancet 1984;1:388−91.
  • Peach, raw
56 80 ± 3 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 120 8 5
Lunetta M, Di Mauro M, Crimi S, Mughini L.
No important differences in glycaemic responses to common fruits in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med 1995; 12:674−8.
Mean of 2 studies
42 ± 14 60 ± 20 120 11 5
Fruit And Fruit Products » Pears »
Pear halves, canned in natural juice
SPC Lite | SPC Ltd | Shepparton | Australia
43 ± 15 61 Healthy » 7–10 Bread » 2 hours 120 13 5
Brand−Miller JC, Allwan C, Mehalski K, Brooks D.
The glycaemic index of further Australian foods.
Proc Nutr Soc Aust 1998; 22:110 (abstr).
Fruit And Fruit Products » Pears »
Pear halves, canned in reduced-sugar syrup
SPC Lite | SPC Ltd | Shepparton | Australia
25 ± 6 36 Healthy » 7–10 Bread » 2 hours 120 14 4
Brand−Miller JC, Allwan C, Mehalski K, Brooks D.
The glycaemic index of further Australian foods.
Proc Nutr Soc Aust 1998; 22:110 (abstr).
Fruit And Fruit Products » Pears »
Pear, canned in pear juice, Bartlett
Delmonte | Canadian Canners Ltd | Canada
44 63 ± 6 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 3 hours 120 11 5
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Pears » Pears raw
  • Pear, raw, Non Specific
33 47 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 120 13 4
Schauberger G, Brinck UC, Guldner G, Spaethe R, Niklas L, Otto H.
Exchange of carbohydrates according to their effect on blood glucose.
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Josse RG, Wong GS. The glycaemic response to carbohydrate foods.
Lancet 1984;1:388−91.
  • Pear, winter Nellis, raw
34 ± 4 49 Type 2 Diabetic » and Impaired Glucose Tolerance » 157 Glucose » 3 hours 120 12 4
Ha MA, Mann JI, Melton LD, Lewis−Barned NJ.
Relationship between the glycaemic index and sugar content of fruits.
Diabetes Nutr Metab 1992; 5:199−203.
  • Pear, Bartlett, raw
41 58 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 13 Bread » 3 hours 120 8 3
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
  • Pear, raw, Non Specific
42 60 ± 2 Type 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 120 11 4
Lunetta M, Di Mauro M, Crimi S, Mughini L.
No important differences in glycaemic responses to common fruits in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med 1995; 12:674−8.
Mean of 4 studies
38 ± 2 54 ± 3 120 11 4
Fruit And Fruit Products » Pineapple »
Pineapple juice, unsweetened
Dole Packaged Foods | Toronto | Canada
46 66 ± 3 Type 2 Diabetic » 13 Bread » 3 hours 250 mL 34 15
Wolever TMS, Vuksan V, Katzman Relle L, et al.
Glycaemic index of fruits and fruit products in patients with diabetes.
Int J Food Sci Nutr 1993; 43:205−12.
Fruit And Fruit Products » Pineapple » Pineapple, raw
  • Pineapple, raw
66 ± 7 94 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 120 10 6
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
  • Pineapple, raw
51 73 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 3 hours 120 16 8
Guevarra MT, Panlasigui LN.
Blood glucose responses of diabetes mellitus patients to some local fruits.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2000; 9:303−8.
Mean of 2 studies
59 ± 8 84 ± 11 120 13 7
Fruit And Fruit Products » Plums » Plum, raw, Non Specific
  • Plum, raw, Non Specific
24 34 Type 2 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 120 14 3
Schauberger G, Brinck UC, Guldner G, Spaethe R, Niklas L, Otto H.
Exchange of carbohydrates according to their effect on blood glucose.
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Josse RG, Wong GS. The glycaemic response to carbohydrate foods.
Lancet 1984;1:388−91.
  • Plum, raw, Non Specific
53 75 ± 3 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 120 11 6
Lunetta M, Di Mauro M, Crimi S, Mughini L.
No important differences in glycaemic responses to common fruits in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med 1995; 12:674−8.
Mean of 2 studies
39 ± 15 55 ± 21 120 12 5
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Prunes, pitted
Sunsweet Growers Inc | Yuba City,California | USA
29 ± 4 41 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 60 33 10
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Raisins
Canada
64 ± 11 91 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 60 44 28
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Rockmelon/Cantaloupe, raw6
Australia
65 ± 9 93 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 120 6 4
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Strawberries, fresh, raw6
Australia
40 ± 7 57 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 120 3 1
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Strawberry jam
51 ± 10 73 ± 14 Healthy » 9 Bread » 2 hours 30 20 10
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Strawberry processed fruit bars, Real Fruit Bars
Uncle Toby's | Wahgunyah | Australia
90 ± 12 129 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 30 26 23
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Sultanas
56 ± 11 80 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 60 45 25
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Tomato juice, no added sugar6
Berri Ltd | Calton | Australia
38 ± 4 54 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 250 mL 9 4
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Tropical Fruity Bitz, vitamin and mineral enriched dried fruit snack
Blackmores Ltd | Balgowlah | Australia
41 ± 3 58 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 15 11 5
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Vitari, wild berry, nondairy, frozen fruit dessert
Nestlé | Sydney | Australia
59 ± 8 85 ± 11 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 100 21 12
Unpublished Observations4
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Watermelon, raw6
Australia
72 ± 13 103 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 120 6 4
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
Fruit And Fruit Products »
Wild Berry Fruity Bitz, vitamin- and mineral-enriched dried fruit snack
Blackmores Ltd | Balgowlah | Australia
35 ± 4 50 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 15 12 4
Unpublished Observations4
  1. NS (Non Specific), not specified; type 1 and type 2, subjects with type 1 and type 2 diabetes; AUC (Area Under the Curve). Serving sizes in grams unless specified otherwise.
  2. x ± SEM (Standard Error of Mean). Two GI vlaues are shown for each food−one in which glucose sugar was used as the reference food and one in which white bread was used as the reference food.
  3. Estimated by multiplying the food’s listed GI value with glucose as the reference food by the listed g carbohydrate per serving and dividing by 100.
  4. Human Nutrition Unit (Sydney University, Australia), unpublished observations, 1995–2002.
  5. AUC calculated as the area above fasting to 3 h only.
  6. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 25 g carbohydrate.
  7. Impaired glucose tolerance.
  8. AUC measured over 5 h, but blood samples taken at hourly intervals only.
  9. Potato used as reference food with a GI fixed at 80. The GI of the test food was calculated by expressing the test food's glucose AUC value as a percentage of the potato's AUC value.
  10. Both the test food and the reference food contained 75 g carbohydrate.
  11. AUC measured over 3 h for only 4 time points (0, 1, 2, and 3 h).
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