Classification GI range Examples
Low GI 55 or less most fruits and vegetables, legumes/pulses, whole grains, nuts, fructose
Medium GI 56–69 whole wheat products, basmati rice, sweet potato, sucrose, baked potatoes
High GI 70 and above white bread, most white rices, corn flakes, extruded breakfast cereals, glucose, maltose

Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods

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Glycemic Index Search

Use the above search utility to search for foods either by name or by GI value.

54 results found.

International table of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values: 20021

Description G.I.
(Glucose = 100)2
G.I.
(Bread = 100)2
Subjects
(Type and Number)
Reference Food and Time Period Serving Size
grams
Available Carbohydrate Content
grams / serving
Glycemic Load3
(per serving)
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles »
Capellini
Primo Foods Ltd | Toronto | Canada
45 64 ± 8 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 180 45 20
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Chicken nuggets, frozen, reheated in microwave oven 5 min
Savings | Grocery Holdings | Tooronga | Australia
46 ± 4 66 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 100 16 7
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles »
Corn pasta, gluten-free
Orgran Natural Foods | Carrum Downs | Australia
78 ± 10 111 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 180 42 32
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Fettucine, egg
  • Fettucine, egg
32 ± 4 46 Healthy » 7 Glucose » 2 hours 180 46 15
Foster KA.
Glucose and insulin responses to legumes, pastas and rye breads. BSc thesis (Honours).
Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Sydney, Australia, 1987.
47 ± 6 67 Healthy » 14 Glucose » 2 hours 180 46 22
Perry T, Mann J, Mehalski K, Gayya C,Wilson J, Thompson C.
Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods.
N Z Med J 2000; 113:140−2.
Mean of 2 studies
40 ± 8 57 ± 11 180 46 18
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Fish fingers
Canada
38 ± 6 54 Healthy » 5 Glucose » 2 hours 100 19 7
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles »
Gluten-free pasta, maize starch, boiled 8 min
UK
54 77 ± 18 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 180 42 22
Packer SC, Dornhurst A, Frost GS.
The glycaemic index of a range of gluten−free foods.
Diabet Med 2000; 17:657−60.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles »
Gnocchi, Non Specific
Latina | Pillsbury Australia Ltd | Mt Waverley | Australia
68 ± 9 97 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours 180 48 33
Brand−Miller J, Bell L, Denning K, Browne D.
In search of more low glycaemic index foods.
Proc Nutr Soc Aust 1995; 19:177 (abstr).
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Greek lentil stew with a bread roll, homemade
Australia
40 ± 5 57 Healthy » 8 Glucose » 2 hours 360 37 15
Chew I, Brand−Miller JC, Thorburn A, Truswell AS.
Application of glycemic index to mixed meals.
Am J Clin Nutr 1988; 47:53−6.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Instant noodles
  • Instant two-minute noodles, Maggi
    | Australia
46 ± 5 66 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2 hours
Brand−Miller J, Bell L, Denning K, Browne D.
In search of more low glycaemic index foods.
Proc Nutr Soc Aust 1995; 19:177 (abstr).
  • Instant two-minute noodles, Maggi
    | New Zealand
48 ± 8 69 Healthy » 15 Glucose » 2 hours
Perry T, Mann J, Mehalski K, Gayya C,Wilson J, Thompson C.
Glycaemic index of New Zealand foods.
N Z Med J 2000; 113:140−2.
  • Instant noodles
    | Canada
47 67 ± 8 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 3 hours
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Mean of 3 studies
47 ± 1 67 ± 2 180 40 19
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Kugel (Polish dish containing egg noodles, sugar, cheese and raisins)
Israel
65 ± 6 93 Type 2 Diabetic » 7
healthy » 7
Glucose » 3 hours5 150 48 31
Indar−Brown K, Norenberg C, Madar Z.
Glycemic and insulinemic responses after ingestion of ethnic foods by NIDDM and healthy subjects.
Am J Clin Nutr 1992; 55:89−95.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Lean Cuisine, French style chicken with rice, reheated6
Nestlé | Sydney | Australia
36 ± 6 51 Healthy » 8 Glucose » 2 hours 400 68 24
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Linguine
  • Thick, durum wheat, white, fresh
43 62 ± 11 Healthy » 10 Bread » 1.5 hours 180 48 21
Granfeldt Y, Björck I, Drews A, Tovar J.
An in vitro procedure based on chewing to predict the metabolic response to starch in cereal and legume products.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1992; 46:649−60.
  • Thick, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% (by weight) monoglycerides, boiled 8 min
48 68 ± 13 Healthy » 9 Bread » 2 hours 180 48 23
Granfeldt Y, Björk I, Hagander B. On the importance of processing conditions, product thickness and egg addition for the glycaemic and hormonal responses to pasta: a comparison with bread made from ‘pasta ingredients’.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1991; 45:489−99.
Mean of 2 studies
46 ± 3 65 ± 3 180 48 22
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Macaroni
45 64 ± 8 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 13 Bread » 3 hours 180 49 22
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Kalmusky J, et al.
Glycemic response to pasta: effect of surface area, degree of cooking and protein enrichment.
Diabetes Care 1986; 9:401−4.
  • Macaroni, plain, boiled
48 69 Type 2 Diabetic » 52
Type 1 Diabetic » 31
Glucose » 2 hours 180 49 23
Donduran S, Hamulu F, Çetinkalp S, Çolak B, Horozoglu N, Tüzün M.
Glycaemic index of different kinds of carbohydrates in type 2 diabetes.
Eating Weight Disord 1999; 4:203−6.
Mean of 2 studies
47 ± 2 67 ± 3 180 48 23
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Macaroni »
Macaroni and cheese, boxed
Kraft General Foods Canada Inc | Don Mills | Canada
64 92 ± 5 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 9 Bread » 3 hours 180 51 32
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Mung bean noodles
26 37 ± 6 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 9 Bread » 3 hours 180 45 12
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
39 ± 9 56 ± 13 Healthy » 12 Glucose » 2 hours 180 45 18
Chan HMS, Brand−Miller JC, Holt SHA, Wilson D, Rozman M, Petocz P.
The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2001; 55:1076−83.
Mean of 2 studies
33 ± 7 47 ± 10
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Pies, beef, party size
Farmland, Grocery Holdings | Tooronga | Australia
45 ± 6 64 Healthy » 9 Glucose » 2 hours 100 27 12
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pizza »
Pizza, cheese
Pillsbury Canada Ltd | Toronto | Canada
60 86 ± 5 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 12 White bread » 3 hours 100 27 16
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pizza »
Pizza, plain baked dough, served with parmesan cheese and tomato sauce
Italy
80 114 ± 14 Type 2 Diabetic » 17 White bread » 3 hours 100 27 22
Giacco R, Brighenti F, Parillo M, et al.
Characteristics of some wheat−based foods of the Italian diet in relation to their influence on postprandial glucose metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Br J Nutr 2001; 85:33−40.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pizza » Pizza Hut »
Pizza, Super Supreme, pan (11.4% fat)
Pizza Hut | Sydney | Australia
36 ± 6 51 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 100 24 9
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pizza » Pizza Hut »
Pizza, Super Supreme, thin and crispy (13.2% fat)
Pizza Hut | Sydney | Australia
30 ± 4 43 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 100 22 7
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pizza » Pizza Hut »
Pizza, Vegetarian Supreme, thin and crispy (7.8% fat)6
Pizza Hut | Sydney | Australia
49 ± 6 70 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 100 25 12
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles »
Ravioli, durum wheat flour, meat-filled, boiled
Australia
39 ± 1 56 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 180 38 15
Foster KA.
Glucose and insulin responses to legumes, pastas and rye breads. BSc thesis (Honours).
Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Sydney, Australia, 1987.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Rice Noodles And Pasta »
Rice and maize pasta, gluten-free
Ris'O'Mais | Orgran Foods | Australia
76 ± 6 109 Healthy » 9 Glucose » 2 hours 180 49 37
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Rice Noodles And Pasta »
Rice noodles, dried, boiled
Thai World | Bangkok | Thailand
61 ± 6 87 ± 9 Healthy » 12 Glucose » 2 hours 180 39 23
Chan HMS, Brand−Miller JC, Holt SHA, Wilson D, Rozman M, Petocz P.
The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2001; 55:1076−83.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Rice Noodles And Pasta »
Rice noodles, freshly made, boiled
Australia
40 ± 4 57 ± 6 Healthy » 12 Glucose » 2 hours 180 39 15
Chan HMS, Brand−Miller JC, Holt SHA, Wilson D, Rozman M, Petocz P.
The glycaemic index values of Vietnamese foods.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2001; 55:1076−83.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Rice Noodles And Pasta »
Rice pasta, brown, boiled 16 min
Rice Growers Co-Operative Ltd | Leeton | Australia
92 ± 8 131 Healthy » 6 Bread » 2 hours 180 38 35
Brand−Miller J, Pang E, Bramall L.
Rice: a high or low glycemic index food?
Am J Clin Nutr 1992; 56:1034−6.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Rice Noodles And Pasta »
Rice vermicelli, Kongmoon
National Cereals | Oils and Foodstuffs | Qingdao and Guangdong | China
58 83 ± 5 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 9 Bread » 3 hours 180 39 22
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Sausages, Non Specific
Canada
28 ± 6 40 Healthy » 5 Glucose » 2 hours 100 3 1
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Sirloin chop with mixed vegetables and mashed potato, homemade
Australia
66 ± 12 94 Healthy » 8 Glucose » 2 hours 360 53 35
Chew I, Brand−Miller JC, Thorburn A, Truswell AS.
Application of glycemic index to mixed meals.
Am J Clin Nutr 1988; 47:53−6.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Spaghetti bolognaise, homemade
Australia
52 ± 9 74 Healthy » 8 Glucose » 2 hours 360 48 25
Chew I, Brand−Miller JC, Thorburn A, Truswell AS.
Application of glycemic index to mixed meals.
Am J Clin Nutr 1988; 47:53−6.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti »
Spaghetti, gluten-free, rice and split pea, canned in tomato sauce
Orgran Foods | Australia
68 ± 9 97 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 220 27 19
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti »
Spaghetti, protein enriched, boiled 7 min
Catelli Plus | Catelli Ltd | Montreal | Canada
27 38 ± 4 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 13 Bread » 3 hours 180 52 14
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Kalmusky J, et al.
Glycemic response to pasta: effect of surface area, degree of cooking and protein enrichment.
Diabetes Care 1986; 9:401−4.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti » Spaghetti, white or type Non Specific, boiled 10–15 min
58 83 ± 16 Healthy » 8 Bread » 2.8 h 180 48 28
Hoebler C, Karinthi A, Chiron H, Champ M, Barry JL.
Bioavailability of starch in bread rich in amylose: metabolic responses in healthy subjects and starch structure.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1999; 53:360−6.
47 67 ± 10 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 180 48 23
Granfeldt Y, Björck I, Drews A, Tovar J.
An in vitro procedure based on chewing to predict the metabolic response to starch in cereal and legume products.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1992; 46:649−60.
  • White, durum wheat flour, 0.6% (by weight) monoglycerides, boiled 12 min
53 76 ± 12 Healthy » 9 Bread » 2 hours 180 48 25
Granfeldt Y, Björk I, Hagander B. On the importance of processing conditions, product thickness and egg addition for the glycaemic and hormonal responses to pasta: a comparison with bread made from ‘pasta ingredients’.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1991; 45:489−99.
32 46 ± 5 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 13 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 15
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Kalmusky J, et al.
Glycemic response to pasta: effect of surface area, degree of cooking and protein enrichment.
Diabetes Care 1986; 9:401−4.
36 52 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 17
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Josse RG, Wong GS, Lee R.
The glycemic index: similarity of values derived in insulin−dependent and non−insulin dependent diabetic patients.
J Am Coll Nutr 1987; 6:295−305.
  • Boiled 15 min
41 59 ± 11 Type 1 Diabetic » 4 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 20
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Josse RG, Wong GS, Lee R.
The glycemic index: similarity of values derived in insulin−dependent and non−insulin dependent diabetic patients.
J Am Coll Nutr 1987; 6:295−305.
44 ± 3 63 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 180 48 21
Unpublished Observations4
Mean of 7 studies
44 ± 3 64 ± 5 180 48 21
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti » Spaghetti, white or type Non Specific, boiled 20 min
  • White, durum wheat, boiled 20 min
58 ± 7 83 Healthy » 6 Bread » 2 hours 180 44 26
Brand−Miller J, Pang E, Bramall L.
Rice: a high or low glycemic index food?
Am J Clin Nutr 1992; 56:1034−6.
  • Durum wheat, boiled 20 min
64 ± 15 91 Type 2 Diabetic » 3 Glucose » 3 hours 180 43 27
Bornet FRJ, Costagliola D, Rizkalla SW, et al.
Insulinemic and glycemic indexes of six starch−rich foods taken alone and in a mixed meal by type 2 diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45:588−95.
Mean of 2 studies
61 ± 3 87 ± 4 180 44 27
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti » Spaghetti, white, boiled
  • White
33 47 ± 9 Type 2 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 16
Rasmussen O, Winther E, Arnfred J, Hermansen K.
Comparison of blood glucose and insulin responses in non−insulin−dependent diabetic patients. Studies with spaghetti and potato taken alone or as part of a meal.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1988; 42:953−61.
34 48 ± 5 Type 2 Diabetic » 9 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 16
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, Lee R, Wong GS, Josse R.
Glycemic response to wheat products: reduced response to pasta but no effect of fiber.
Diabetes Care 1983; 6:155−9.
  • White
38 54 ± 13 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 3 hours 180 44 17
d’Emden MC, Marwich TH, Dreghorn J, Howlett VL, Cameron DP.
Postprandial glucose and insulin responses to different types of spaghetti and bread.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract 1987; 3:221−6.
  • White
42 60 ± 9 Type 2 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 20
Jenkins DJA,Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL, et al.
The glycaemic index of foods tested in diabetic patients: a new basis for carbohydrate exchange favouring the use of legumes.
Diabetologia 1983; 24:257−64.
  • White
48 68 Diabetic » number not specified Glucose » time not specified 180 48 23
Otto H, Niklas L.
Differences d’action sur la glycemie d’aliments contenant des hydrated de carbone: consequences pour le traitment dietetique du diabete sucre. (Differences in the action of foods containing carbohydrates on blood glucose levels: implications for the dietetic treatment of diabetes mellitus.)
Cited by: Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Jenkins AL. Starchy foods and glycemic index.
Diabetes Care 1988; 11:149−59.
49 ± 7 70 ± 10 Healthy » 12 Bread » 2 hours 180 44 22
Unpublished Observations4
  • White
50 ± 8 71 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 180 48 24
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Mean of 7 studies
42 ± 3 60 ± 4 180 47 20
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti » Spaghetti, white, boiled 5 min
32 45 ± 6 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 13 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 15
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Kalmusky J, et al.
Glycemic response to pasta: effect of surface area, degree of cooking and protein enrichment.
Diabetes Care 1986; 9:401−4.
  • Boiled 5 min
34 49 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 11 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 16
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Josse RG, Wong GS, Lee R.
The glycemic index: similarity of values derived in insulin−dependent and non−insulin dependent diabetic patients.
J Am Coll Nutr 1987; 6:295−305.
  • Boiled 5 min
40 57 ± 8 Type 1 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 19
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Kalmusky J, et al.
Glycemic response to pasta: effect of surface area, degree of cooking and protein enrichment.
Diabetes Care 1986; 9:401−4.
  • Boiled 5 min
44 63 ± 9 Type 1 Diabetic » 7 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 21
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Josse RG, Wong GS, Lee R.
The glycemic index: similarity of values derived in insulin−dependent and non−insulin dependent diabetic patients.
J Am Coll Nutr 1987; 6:295−305.
Mean of 4 studies
38 ± 3 54 ± 4 180 48 18
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti » Spaghetti, white, durum wheat semolina
  • Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 11 min
    Panzani | Marseilles
59 ± 15 84 Healthy » 12 Glucose » 3 hours 180 48 28
Bornet FRJ, Cloarec D, Barry JL, et al.
Pasta cooking time: influence on starch digestion and plasma glucose and insulin responses in healthy subjects.
Am J Clin Nutr 1990; 51:421−7.
  • Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 16.5 min
    Panzani | Marseilles
65 ± 15 93 Healthy » 12 Glucose » 3 hours 180 48 31
Bornet FRJ, Cloarec D, Barry JL, et al.
Pasta cooking time: influence on starch digestion and plasma glucose and insulin responses in healthy subjects.
Am J Clin Nutr 1990; 51:421−7.
  • Boiled in 0.7% salted water for 22 min
    Panzani | Marseilles
46 ± 10 66 Healthy » 12 Glucose » 3 hours 180 48 22
Bornet FRJ, Cloarec D, Barry JL, et al.
Pasta cooking time: influence on starch digestion and plasma glucose and insulin responses in healthy subjects.
Am J Clin Nutr 1990; 51:421−7.
Mean of 3 cooking times
Panzani | Marseilles
57 ± 6 81 ± 8 180 48 27
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti » Spaghetti, whole meal, boiled
  • Whole meal
32 46 ± 7 Type 2 Diabetic » 10 Bread » 3 hours 180 44 14
d’Emden MC, Marwich TH, Dreghorn J, Howlett VL, Cameron DP.
Postprandial glucose and insulin responses to different types of spaghetti and bread.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract 1987; 3:221−6.
  • Whole meal
42 ± 4 60 Healthy » 6 Glucose » 2 hours 180 40 17
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Mean of 2 studies
37 ± 5 53 ± 7 180 42 16
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti »
Spirali, durum wheat, white, boiled to al denté texture
Australia
43 ± 10 61 Healthy » 8 Glucose » 2 hours 180 44 19
Foster KA.
Glucose and insulin responses to legumes, pastas and rye breads. BSc thesis (Honours).
Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Sydney, Australia, 1987.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti »
Split pea and soya pasta shells, gluten-free
Orgran Foods | Australia
29 ± 6 41 Healthy » 9 Glucose » 2 hours 180 31 9
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti »
Star Pastina, white, boiled 5 min
Lancia-Bravo Foods Ltd | Toronto | Canada
38 54 ± 6 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 13 Bread » 3 hours 180 48 18
Wolever TMS, Jenkins DJA, Kalmusky J, et al.
Glycemic response to pasta: effect of surface area, degree of cooking and protein enrichment.
Diabetes Care 1986; 9:401−4.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods »
Stir-fried vegetables with chicken and boiled white rice, homemade
Australia
73 ± 17 104 Healthy » 8 Glucose » 2 hours 360 75 55
Chew I, Brand−Miller JC, Thorburn A, Truswell AS.
Application of glycemic index to mixed meals.
Am J Clin Nutr 1988; 47:53−6.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Sushi
  • Sushi, salmon
    | Australia
48 ± 8 69 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 100 36 17
Unpublished Observations4
  • Sushi, roasted sea algae, vinegar and rice
55 79 Healthy » 9 Rice » 2 hours8 100 37 20
Sugiyama M, Tang AC, Wakaki Y, Koyama W.
Glycemic index of single and mixed meal foods among common Japanese foods.
Eur J Clin Nutr (in press).
Mean of 2 studies
52 ± 4 74 ± 5 100 37 19
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Pasta And Noodles » Thin, durum wheat
  • Thin, fresh, durum wheat flour, 0.6% (by weight) monoglycerides, boiled 3 min
61 87 ± 13 Healthy » 9 Bread » 2 hours 180 48 29
Granfeldt Y, Björk I, Hagander B. On the importance of processing conditions, product thickness and egg addition for the glycaemic and hormonal responses to pasta: a comparison with bread made from ‘pasta ingredients’.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1991; 45:489−99.
  • Thin, fresh, durum wheat with 39% (by weight) egg
45 64 ± 11 Healthy » 10 Bread » 1.5 hours 180 41 18
Granfeldt Y, Björck I, Drews A, Tovar J.
An in vitro procedure based on chewing to predict the metabolic response to starch in cereal and legume products.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1992; 46:649−60.
  • Thin, fresh, with 0.6% (by weight) monoglycerides and 30% (by weight) egg, boiled 3 min
53 76 ± 13 Healthy » 9 Bread » 2 hours 180 41 22
Granfeldt Y, Björk I, Hagander B. On the importance of processing conditions, product thickness and egg addition for the glycaemic and hormonal responses to pasta: a comparison with bread made from ‘pasta ingredients’.
Eur J Clin Nutr 1991; 45:489−99.
  • Mean of 4 studies
52 ± 3 74 ± 5 180 45 23

Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti »
Tortellini, cheese
Stouffer | Nestlé | Don Mills | Canada
50 71 ± 5 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 8 Bread » 3 hours 180 21 10
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti »
Udon noodles, plain, reheated 5 min6
Fantastic | Windsor Gardens | Australia
62 ± 8 43 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 180 48 30
Unpublished Observations4
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » Spaghetti »
Vermicelli, white, boiled
Australia
35 ± 7 50 Healthy » 7 Glucose » 2 hours 180 44 16
Foster KA.
Glucose and insulin responses to legumes, pastas and rye breads. BSc thesis (Honours).
Human Nutrition Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Sydney, Australia, 1987.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » White Bread With Toppings » White and whole-meal wheat bread with peanut butter
  • White and whole-meal wheat bread with peanut butter
51 73 ± 6 Type 1 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 100 44 23
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Wong GS, et al.
Glycemic responses to foods: possible differences between insulin−dependent and non−insulin−dependent diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1984; 40:971−81.
  • White and whole-meal wheat bread with peanut butter
67 95 ± 9 Type 1 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 100 44 30
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Wong GS, et al.
Glycemic responses to foods: possible differences between insulin−dependent and non−insulin−dependent diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1984; 40:971−81.
Mean of 2 studies
59 ± 8 84 ± 11 100 44 26
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » White boiled rice, grilled beefburger, cheese and butter
  • White boiled rice, grilled beefburger, cheese and butter
27 38 Type 2 Diabetic » 16 Glucose » 3 hours5 440 50 14
Le Floch JP, Baudin E, Escuyer P,Wirquin E, Nillus P, Perlemuter L.
Influence of non−carbohydrate foods on glucose and insulin responses to carbohydrates of different glycaemic index in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med 1992; 9:44−8.
  • White boiled rice, grilled beefburger, cheese and butter
22 32 Type 2 Diabetic » 14 Glucose » 3 hours5 440 50 11
Le Floch JP, Baudin E, Escuyer P,Wirquin E, Nillus P, Perlemuter L.
Influence of non−carbohydrate foods on glucose and insulin responses to carbohydrates of different glycaemic index in type 2 diabetic patients.
Diabet Med 1992; 9:44−8.
Mean of 2 groups of subjects
25 ± 2 35 ± 3 440 50 13
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » White Bread With Toppings »
White bread with butter
Canada
59 84 ± 10 Type 2 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 100 48 29
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Wong GS, et al.
Glycemic responses to foods: possible differences between insulin−dependent and non−insulin−dependent diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1984; 40:971−81.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » White Bread With Toppings »
White bread with butter and skim milk cheese
Canada
62 89 ± 9 Type 2 Diabetic » 5 Bread » 3 hours 100 38 23
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Wong GS, et al.
Glycemic responses to foods: possible differences between insulin−dependent and non−insulin−dependent diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1984; 40:971−81.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » White Bread With Toppings »
White bread with skim milk cheese
Canada
55 79 ± 10 Type 2 Diabetic » 6 Bread » 3 hours 100 47 26
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Wong GS, et al.
Glycemic responses to foods: possible differences between insulin−dependent and non−insulin−dependent diabetics.
Am J Clin Nutr 1984; 40:971−81.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » White Bread With Toppings »
White-wheat-flour bread, butter, cheese, regular cow milk and fresh cucumber6
Sweden
55 79 ± 10 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 200 68 38
Östman EM, Elmståhl HGM, Björck IME.
Inconsistency between glycemic and insulinemic responses to regular and fermented milk products.
Am J Clin Nutr 2001;74:96−100.
Mixed Meals And Convenience Foods » White Bread With Toppings »
White-wheat-flour bread, butter, yogurt and pickled cucumber6
Sweden
39 55 ± 7 Healthy » 10 Bread » 2 hours 200 28 11
Östman EM, Elmståhl HGM, Björck IME.
Inconsistency between glycemic and insulinemic responses to regular and fermented milk products.
Am J Clin Nutr 2001;74:96−100.
  1. NS (Non Specific), not specified; type 1 and type 2, subjects with type 1 and type 2 diabetes; AUC (Area Under the Curve). Serving sizes in grams unless specified otherwise.
  2. x ± SEM (Standard Error of Mean). Two GI vlaues are shown for each food−one in which glucose sugar was used as the reference food and one in which white bread was used as the reference food.
  3. Estimated by multiplying the food’s listed GI value with glucose as the reference food by the listed g carbohydrate per serving and dividing by 100.
  4. Human Nutrition Unit (Sydney University, Australia), unpublished observations, 1995–2002.
  5. AUC measured over 3 h for only 5 time points (0, 30, 60, 120, and 180 min).
  6. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 25 g carbohydrate.
  7. Both the test food and the reference food contained 100 g carbohydrate.
  8. White rice was used as the reference food, but glucose was also tested and had a GI of 122. The observed GI was multiplied by 100 and then divided by 122 to convert it to a GI on the glucose scale (ie, glucose = reference food with a GI of 100).
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