Classification GI range Examples
Low GI 55 or less most fruits and vegetables, legumes/pulses, whole grains, nuts, fructose
Medium GI 56–69 whole wheat products, basmati rice, sweet potato, sucrose, baked potatoes
High GI 70 and above white bread, most white rices, corn flakes, extruded breakfast cereals, glucose, maltose

Bakery Products

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Glycemic Index Search

Use the above search utility to search for foods either by name or by GI value.

31 results found.

International table of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values: 20021

Description G.I.
(Glucose = 100)2
G.I.
(Bread = 100)2
Subjects
(Type and Number)
Reference Food and Time Period Serving Size
grams
Available Carbohydrate Content
grams / serving
Glycemic Load3
(per serving)
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Angel food cake
Loblaw's | Toronto | Canada
67 95 ± 7 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 9 White bread » 3 hours 50g 29 19
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Apple, made with sugar4
44 ± 6 63 Healthy » 8 White bread » 2 hours 60 29 13
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Apple, made without sugar4
48 ± 10 69 Healthy » 8 White bread » 2 hours 60 19 9
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Apple, oat and sultana » made from packet mix
Defiance Milling Co | Acacia Ridge | Australia
54 ± 4 78 ± 6 Healthy » 9 White bread » 2 hours 50 26 14
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Apricot, coconut and honey » made from packet mix
Defiance Milling Co | Acacia Ridge | Australia
60 ± 4 86 ± 6 Healthy » 9 White bread » 2 hours 50 26 16
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Banana cake, made with sugar
47 ± 8 67 Healthy » 8 White bread » 2 hours 80 38 18
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Banana cake, made without sugar
55 ± 10 79 Healthy » 7 White bread » 2 hours 80 29 16
Brand Miller J, Pang E, Broomhead L.
The glycaemic index of foods containing sugars: comparison of foods with naturally occurring v. added sugars.
Br J Nutr 1995; 73:613−23.
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Banana, oat and honey » made from packet mix
Defiance Milling Co | Acacia Ridge | Australia
65 ± 11 93 ± 16 Healthy » 10 White bread » 2 hours 50 26 17
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Blueberry
Grandma Martin's Muffins | Culinar Inc | Aurora | Canada
59 84 ± 8 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 10 White bread » 3 hours 57 29 17
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Bran
Grandma Martin's Muffins | Culinar Inc | Aurora | Canada
60 85 ± 8 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 14 White bread » 2 hours 57 24 15
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Carrot
Grandma Martin's Muffins | Culinar Inc | Aurora | Canada
62 88 ± 12 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 11 White bread » 3 hours 57 32 20
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Chocolate butterscotch » made from packet mix
Defiance Milling Co | Acacia Ridge | Australia
53 ± 5 75 ± 7 Healthy » 10 White bread » 2 hours 50 28 15
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Chocolate cake made from packet mix with chocolate frosting
Betty Crocker; General Mills Inc | Minneapolis, Minnesota | USA
38 ± 3 54 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 111 52 20
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Corn muffin, high-amylose
49 70 Type 2 Diabetic » 9 Glucose » 3 hours6
Krezowski PA, Nuttal FQ, Gannon MC, et al.
Insulin and glucose responses to various starch−containing foods in type II diabetic subjects.
Diabetes Care 1987; 10:205−12.
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Corn muffin, low-amylose
102 146 Type 2 Diabetic » 9 Glucose » 3 hours6 57 29 30
Krezowski PA, Nuttal FQ, Gannon MC, et al.
Insulin and glucose responses to various starch−containing foods in type II diabetic subjects.
Diabetes Care 1987; 10:205−12.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Croissant
Food City | Toronto | Canada
67 96 ± 6 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 13 White bread » 3 hours 57 26 17
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Crumpet
Crumpet (Dempster's Corporate Foods Ltd | Etobicoke | Canada
69 98 ± 4 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 13 White bread » 3 hours 50 19 13
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Cupcake, strawberry-iced
Squiggles | Farmland, Grocery Holdings | Tooronga | Australia
73 ± 12 104 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 38 26 19
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Doughnut, cake type
Loblaw's | Toronto | Canada
76 108 ± 10 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 10 White bread » 3 hours 47 23 17
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Flan cake
Weston's Bakery | Toronto | Canada
65 93 ± 6 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 10 White bread » 3 hours 70 48 31
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Lamingtons (sponge dipped in chocolate and coconut)
Farmland, Grocery Holdings | Tooronga | Australia
87 ± 17 124 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 50 29 25
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes » Muffins »
Oatmeal muffin » made from mix
Quaker Oats Co | Peterborough | Canada
69 98 ± 15 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 9 White bread » 3 hours 50 35 24
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Pancakes, buckwheat, gluten-free » made from packet mix
Orgran Natural Foods | Carrum Downs | Australia
102 ± 11 146 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 77 22 22
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Pancakes, prepared from shake mix
Green's Foods | Glendenning | Australia
67 ± 5 96 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 80 58 39
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Pastry
59 ± 6 84 Healthy » 5 Glucose » 2 hours 57 26 15
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Pikelets
Golden brand | Tip Top Bakeries | Chatswood | Australia
85 ± 14 121 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 40 21 18
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Pound cake
Sara Lee | Bramalea | Canada
54 77 ± 8 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 10 White bread » 3 hours 53 28 15
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Scones, plain » made from packet mix
Defiance Milling Co | Acacia Ridge | Australia
92 ± 8 131 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 25 9 7
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Sponge cake, plain
46 ± 6 66 Healthy » 5 Glucose » 2 hours 63 36 17
Jenkins DJA, Wolever TMS, Taylor RH, et al.
Glycemic index of foods: a physiological basis for carbohydrate exchange.
Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:362−6.
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Vanilla cake made from packet mix with vanilla frosting
Betty Crocker; General Mills Inc | Minneapolis, Minnesota | USA
42 ± 4 60 Healthy » 10 Glucose » 2 hours 111 58 24
Unpublished Observations5
Bakery Products » Cakes »
Waffles
Aunt Jemima | Quaker Oats Co | Peterborough | Canada
76 109 ± 6 Type 1 and 2 Diabetic » 10 White bread » 3 hours 35 13 10
Wolever TMS, Katzman−Relle L, Jenkins AL, et al.
Glycaemic index of 102 complex carbohydrate foods in patients with diabetes.
Nutr Res 1994; 14:651−69.
  1. NS (Non Specific), not specified; type 1 and type 2, subjects with type 1 and type 2 diabetes; AUC (Area Under the Curve). Serving sizes in grams unless specified otherwise.
  2. x ± SEM (Standard Error of Mean). Two GI vlaues are shown for each food−one in which glucose sugar was used as the reference food and one in which white bread was used as the reference food.
  3. Estimated by multiplying the food’s listed GI value with glucose as the reference food by the listed g carbohydrate per serving and dividing by 100.
  4. The low GI may be explained by the inclusion of rolled oats in the recipe.
  5. Human Nutrition Unit (Sydney University, Australia), unpublished observations, 1995–2002.
  6. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 25 g carbohydrate.
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